Transcendental


Transcendental
the doctrine that reality or knowledge is founded on ideas (mental experience). Depending on the specific ideal, idealism is usually juxtaposed with materialism or realism.
• Objective idealism - is an idealistic metaphysics that postulates that there is in an important sense only one perceiver, and that this perceiver is one with that which is perceived.
• German idealism - a movement in philosophy, started with Immanuel Kant's transcendental idealism, centered in Germany. Many prominent exponents include Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.
• Subjective idealism - a philosophy in which human experiences are based on perceptions.
• Transcendental idealism - the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and later Kantian and German Idealist philosophers; a view according to which our experience is not about the things as they are in themselves, but about the things as they appear to us. It differs from standard (empirical) idealism in that it does not claim that the objects of our experiences would be in any sense within our mind. The idea is that whenever we experience something, we experience it as it is for ourselves: the object is real as well as mind-independent, but is in a sense corrupted by our cognition (by the categories and the forms of sensibility, space and time). Transcendental idealism denies that we could have knowledge of the thing in itself. A view that holds the opposite is called transcendental realism.

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

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  • Transcendental — Tran scen*den tal, a. [Cf. F. transcendantal, G. transcendental.] 1. Supereminent; surpassing others; as, transcendental being or qualities. [1913 Webster] 2. (Philos.) In the Kantian system, of or pertaining to that which can be determined a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Transcendental — can refer to:In mathematics: * Transcendental number, a class of irrational numbers * Transcendental function, a class of functionsIn philosophy and religion: * Transcendence (philosophy) * Transcendental idealism, a philosophical doctrine… …   Wikipedia

  • transcendental — TRANSCENDENTÁL, Ă, transcendentali, e, adj. (În filozofia lui Kant) Care se referă la formele apriorice ale cunoaşterii, care premerge experienţei şi o condiţionează. ♦ Care este deasupra lumii reale. – Din fr. transcendantal, lat.… …   Dicționar Român

  • transcendental — (adj.) 1660s, from M.L. transcendentalis, from L. transcendentem (see TRANSCENDENT (Cf. transcendent)). Transcendental meditation attested by 1966 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Transcendental — Tran scen*den tal, n. A transcendentalist. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transcendental — index mysterious, obscure (abstruse), paramount, recondite Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • transcendental — adj. 2 g. 1. Transcendente. 2.  [Filosofia] Relativo à razão pura, anteriormente a qualquer experiência …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • transcendental — transcendent, ideal, *abstract Analogous words: *supernatural, supranatural: categorical, *ultimate …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • transcendental — adj. trascendental …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • transcendental — ► ADJECTIVE 1) relating to a spiritual realm. 2) relating to or denoting Transcendentalism. DERIVATIVES transcendentally adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • transcendental — [tran΄sen dent′ l] adj. [ML transcendentalis] 1. a) TRANSCENDENT (sense 1) b) SUPERNATURAL 2. abstract; metaphysical 3. of or having to do with transcendentalism …   English World dictionary


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